- This article is about alcoholic liquids. For the colors used in a coat of arms, see tincture (heraldry).
General method of preparationA general method of preparation on how tinctures can be prepared is the following :
To make a more precise tincture, more extensive measuring can be done by combining 1 part herbs with a water-ethanol mixture of 2-10 parts, depending on the herb itself. With most tinctures however, 1 part water at 5 parts ethanol is used.
Examples of tincturesSome examples that were formerly common in medicine include:
- Tincture of Benzoin
- Tincture of cantharides
- Tincture of ferric citrochloride (a chelate of citric acid and Iron(III) chloride)
- Tincture of green soap (which also contains lavender)
- Tincture of guaiac
- Tincture of iodine
- Tincture of opium (laudanum)
- Camphorated opium tincture (paregoric)
- Tincture of Pennyroyal
Examples of spirits include:
- Spirit of ammonia (also called spirit of hartshorn)
- Spirit of box, or ethanol, which was derived from the destructive distillation of boxwood
- Spirit of camphor
- Spirit of ether, a solution of diethyl ether in alcohol
- "Spirit of Mindererus", ammonium acetate in alcohol
- "Spirit of nitre" is not a spirit in this sense, but an old name for nitric acid (but "sweet spirit of nitre" was ethyl nitrite)
- Similarly "spirit of salt" actually meant hydrochloric acid,
- "Spirit of vinegar" was glacial acetic acid and
- "Spirit of vitriol" was sulfuric acid.
- "Spirit of wine" or "spirits of wine" is an old name for alcohol (especially food grade alcohol derived from the distillation of wine)
- "Spirit of wood" means methanol, often derived from the destructive distillation of wood
- Nalewka - a traditional Polish category of alcoholic tincture.
- infusion - a water or oil based extract with similar historical uses to a tincture.
- Elixir - A pharmaceutical preparation containing an active ingredient that is dissolved in a solution containing some percentage of ethyl alcohol.
- Another name for Tiffany Perkins, sister of T.J. Perkins
tinctorial in German: Tinktur
tinctorial in Dutch: Tinctuur
tinctorial in Japanese: チンキ
tinctorial in Polish: Nalewka (farmacja)
tinctorial in Portuguese: Tintura
tinctorial in Russian: Настойка (лекарственная форма)
tinctorial in Finnish: Tinktuura
tinctorial in Thai: ทิงเจอร์